OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE WISCONSIN STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Madison, Wisconsin, April, 1921
Celery is easily grown and well repays the effort if proper care is given. No garden vegetable responds more easily to good care, or is more surely disappointing if neglected. There is not much satisfaction in trying to raise early celery but if early plants can be procured a few may be given extra care for early fall use. These early plants must not be given any check in growth through lack of cultivation or moisture else they are liable to run to seed.
For the general crop the seeds should be sown out of doors in a well prepared bed of rich soil, as early as it is safe to plant any hardy seeds in the garden.
The soil of the seed bed should be thoroughly pulverized and made rich with thoroughly decomposed barnyard manure if it is not naturally fertile. The seeds should be sown thinly in rows about four inches apart covered thinly. After covering firm the soil with the back of a spade or shovel. If the surface becomes dry the seeds cannot germinate so I cover the bed with unbleached sheeting such as I have had for a number of years for seed bed covers. This covering should be laid directly on the seed bed. Watering with a sprinkler may be done directly on the covering. As soon as the young plants begin to show the covering should be removed and the plants must not be permitted to dry out. Keep the seedbed cultivated and free from weeds.
The celery docs well as a second crop to follow such early stuff as lettuce, radish, spinach, or early peas. After these crops have been removed and the grond hoed and raked to be free from weeds, mark off rows about three and one-half feet apart. Cover each mark about a foot or eighteen inches wide with a generous depth of friable manure and cultivate until it is well mixed with the soil. July is early enough to set out the plants in the rows where they are to be finished off. Of course a little may be pushed along for early use but the later grown is the best for fall and winter use. If the plants have not been too crowded in the seed bed they may be transplanted direct but I like to transplant into a nursery bed from which they are later moved to where they are finally. Plant in the rows about four or five inches apart.
If the weather is dry it is well to give one watering just after transplanting. If the young plants in the seed bed come along too fast they should be cut back once or twice. Cultivate faithfully until plants are large enough to have soil drawn to them for blanching when the larger leaves are four or five inches long. Soil should be cultivated to mellowness and then grasp all the leaves of a plant in one hand while soil is brought to the plant with the other hand; change hands and continue so that each plant is compressed ■within a collar of soil without any covering the center of the plant. Bring more soil with the hoe up against the plants. If earthed up more than twice it will be necessary to use the spade to carry the blanching higher. What is stored for winter should not be blanched so much as that for early use. There are other ways of blanching celery using paper, drain tile, boards set on edge and also close planting in each direction. My own preference is for blanching with earth. Golden Self Blanching is a popular celery variety. It is slightly more subject to rust than some other varieties. Early Blanching is a thrifty variety of good quality and keeps well. Winter King is a little taller but not too tall, a little later and of good quality. White Plume answers for early, but does not equal the others for quality. The giant kinds are not profitable—there is too much waste in handling.
The Strawberry Weevil
Do the young flower buds of your strawberry plants ever droop over and fall to the ground? If so, the trouble is very likely caused by a small reddish-brown or black beetle which lays her egg in the bud itself and then crawls down the stem and girdles it, causing the bud to either fall to the ground or hang to the stem by a few shreds.
This damage can be checked if the proper measures are applied at the right time. A dust composed of one pound of arsenate of lead and five pounds of finely ground sulfur will aid greatly in killing off the weevils and increasing the yield of fruit.
If you have a large acreage a power duster is the best to use; for smaller areas the hand machines will, work satisfactorily. The dust should be. applied when the weevils first begin to feed upon the buds. This will usually be about the first of May or a little later. Repeated coverings should be made until the buds open. Usually only two dustings are necessary; the first when the weevils begin feeding and the second a week later.
The insect spends the winter as a beetle under rubbish or any suitable covering in or near the strawberry beds. They are quite small, only about one-tenth of an inch long; of a reddish or brownish color with two large darker spots on the back.
About the time the blossom buds appear the beetle comes out of its hibernating quarters and feeds for a while on the immature pollen which is secured by puncturing the blossom buds. After a short period the female lays her eggs singly in the buds themselves, in only those buds which contain pollen (staminate varieties) and are about ready to open. After each egg is laid she crawls down the stem a short distance and with her beak girdles the stem so that the bud either droops over or falls to the ground. This is the injury most easily noticed by the gardener.
The egg soon hatches into a small grub which feeds upon the pollen and other parts of the flower within the bud. When fully grown the grubs are strongly curved in shape and whitish or yellowish in color. If the buds do not fall to the ground at first they usually do soon after and the moisture of the
you will put out next spring. Also the shrubs and ornamental plants around the home. We have a complete assortment of all the leading sorts to select from. Circular showing many of the leaders in colors “free for the asking.’’
THE COE, CONVERSE & EDWARDS CO.
Fort Atkinson, Wis.
Lake City, Minn.
Fifty-three years continuous service
A Complete Stock of Fruit, Shelter and Ornamental Stock i n Hardy Varieties for Northern Planters. ground seems to be necessary for the development of the tiny grub within.
After the grub becomes full grown, it changes to a pupa and within about a week the adult beetle emerges, which is about mid-summer. The beetle then feeds for a short time on the pollen of other flowers, especially the wild bergamot, and then seeks shelter for wintering. Thus, there is only one generation a year. Charles L. Fluke.
Your article “Concerning Highway Trees and Other Matters’’ in March issue is rather misleading in its first paragraph. The organization of Friends of Our Native Landscape has in no way put itself on record as favoring any large appropriation for the purchase of county or township parks or of compelling owners to plant trees along all our highways.
The Friends of Our Native Landscape are heartily in accordance with the “rational plan” outlined in your article. Their work is chiefly educational. While carrying on their educational work they are also interested in seeing the necessary legal machinery created for the protection, conservation, preservation and dedication for public use of all features, characters and places which contribute to Our Native Landscape.
At the winter meeting held February 2, resolutions were passed favoring legislation which would put the planting, care, and maintenance of trees and shrubs along our highways under the jurisdiction of the Slate Highway Commission.
RED RASPBERRY PLANTS
The Early King red raspberry does not winter kill without covering as far north as St. Paul, and is now the principal market berry of progressive growers where winters are severe.
It gives delight in the home garden and big, sure profits for market.
$2.50 per 100—$18.00 per 1,000
G. H. TOWNSEND Richland Center, Wis.
have acquired somewhat of a leputation wherever grown. At no time has there been such an Interest in dahlias as now. Trial collection (list price $2.40) mailed anywhere in U. S. with cultural instructions on receipt of $2.00.
Oregon Beauty, Dec. larj^e oriental red
Roue, Show, dark rose Floradora, Cactus, dark blood red
Cecelia, Peony-flowered, leynon yellow
Queen Wilhelmina, Peony-flow-ered, pure white
John Green, Peony-flowered, yellow center, acarlet tip
All grown in Wisconsin and not subject to any F. H. B. quarantine.
J. T. FITCHETT Janesville, Wis.
In view of the fact that highway tree planting is still in the experimental stages any other action was deemed unadvisable. Experience has shown conclusively that if we are to keep our highways open for winter travel trees and shrubs may be used as natural snow fences. Therefore these materials should be under the control of the same organization as roadway construction and maintenance.
We have now a law providing for Rural Planning. Some counties as La Crosse, for instance, have made a good start setting aside two Rural Parks and 12 Wayside Parks. However, it (Friends of Our Native Land-
We are growers of Senator g Dunlop and Warfield exclu- ■ sively and through many B years of careful selection |j we have a superior strain. B We also have Everbearing ■ Strawberries, Raspberries B and all other bush fruits, | shrubs and trees. S
the best, and can supply any J quantity.
scape) went on record as favoring such appropriation as may be necessary in the Department of Agriculture to make the law effective. This would, according to official estimate, require only limited funds of $8,000 to $10,-000, annually.
Trusting that this will explain the situation more fully, I am
F. A. Aust,
Secretary of Friends of Our Native Landscape.
Published Monthly by the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society 12 N. Carroll 8L Official organ of the Society.
FREDERIC CRANEFIELD, Editor. Secretary W. 8. H. 8., Madison, Wla.
Entered at the postoffice at Madison, Wisconsin, as s cond class matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for In Section 1106, Act of Oct. 3, 1917, authorized July 15, 1918.
Advertising rates made known on application.
Wisconsin'State Horticultural Society
Annual membership fee, one dollar, which Includes fifty cents, subscription price to Wisconsin Horticulture. Send one dollar to Frederic Cranefleld, Editor, Madison, Wis.
Remit by Postal or Express Money Order. A dollar bill may be sent safely if wrapped or attached to a card. Personal checks accepted.
Postage stamps uot accepted.
J. A. Hays..............................President
H. C. Christensen, Oshkosh......Vice President
F. Cranefleld, Secretary-Treasurer......Madison
J. A. Hays..............................Ex-Officio
H. O. Christensen......................Ex-Officio
F. Cranefield ...........................Ex-Officio
1st Dist., Wm. Longland..........Lake Geneva
2nd Dist., R. J. Coe................Ft. Atkinson
8rd Dist., E. J. Frautschi..............Madison
4th Diet., A. Leldiger ................Milwaukee
5th Dist., Jas. Livingstone .........Milwaukee
6th Dist., J. W. Roe...................Oshkosh
7th Dist., O. A. Hofmann............Baraboo
8th Dist., J. E. Leverich.................Sparta
9th Dist., L. E. Birmingham.....8turgeon Bay
10th Dist., Paul E. Grant............Menomonie
11th Dist., Irving Smith ................Ashland
BOARD OF MANAGERS
J. A. Hays H. O. Christensen F. Cranefleld
Do You Want To Be In For Life?
As explained in another column your magazine is a victim of II. C. L. There is a way by which members may restore it to its regular size; take out a life membership.
If you have been a member of the Society for a year or more you will probably want to renew your membership from year to year. Before you realize it you have paid ten dollars. By paying it now you are relieved of the trouble of annual payments.
This fee, ten dollars, is for life membership in the State Horticultural Society and entitles you to the annual report and all other privileges for life as well as to the magazine.
If fifty memberships are received before May 1st Wisconsin Horticulture will be restored to 16 pages; if one hundred life memberships are received in that time you will again have not less than 20 pages and if possible 24 pages. You are doing yourself a good service and helping in a good cause. Send in your f<*e TODAY to
Frederic Cranefield, Secy, 701 Gay Bldg., Madison, Wis.
Found, A Dollar Bill!
An March 24th a letter was received at this office containing a dollar bill folded inside one of our “pink cover” coin cards. The dollar was plainly intended for renewal of membership but the card bore neither name nor address. The envelope was postmarked Milwaukee, March 23d, 11 P. M. Who is the member who forgot to sign his name?
From Twenty to Twelve
Our readers may be disappointed that The Paper consists of but twelve pages this month instead of twenty. Fear not, the worst is yet to come, next month there may be but eight pages, the next after that even smaller. Further than that we cannot see.
The reason? High cost of printing. The February number with supplement cost 120 per cent more than the corresponding issue in 1920. The same is true of the March number.
The receipts from membership fees and advertising must cover the cost of printing and paper. The cost of both has increased steadily for two years past until it has absorbed the surplus we had accumulated for such an emergency.
We sincerely hope that conditions may improve shortly so that we can go even beyond twenty pages. Publishers in the commercial field are facing similar conditions. They cannot risk increasing their subscription price and neither can they increase their advertising rates sufficient to meet the increased cost of printing. Except for the big fellows who can charge what they please and get away with it. there is very little profit to the publisher in advertising.
The Crossing or “Mixing” of Vine Crops.
A member asks, as many others have asked, about the cross'ng of different vine crops:
(1) Will the Hubbard and Delicious squash mix if planted together. The answer is that these two varieties of the same species may “mix,” there may be crossing or there may not but the possibility exists.
(2) Will these and other winter squashes mix with pumpkins .' It is not likely, in fact highly improbable as these belong to different species.
(3) Will cucumbers and melons “mix”? NO! Very many people will insist that this is not true but the burden of proof rests with them.
(3) Will pumpkins, cucumbers and melons “mix.” No. Of th* many combinations that might be effected in planting these three crops there is none that could produce a cross.
Of all the vine crops grown for
Use Product of Quality and Get Maximum Results
It kills quick, sticks longer and has maximum suspension
LIME SULPHUR BORDEAUX PASTE
SULPHUR (DUSTING) CALCIUM ARSENATE
SODIUM NITRATE SWIFTS FERTILIZER
770-778 Kinnickinnic Ave.
Oates, Bushel Boxes and Climax Baskets
We manufacture the Ewald Patent Folding Berry Boxes of wood veneer that give satisfaction. Berry box and crate material in the K. D. In earload lots our specialty. We constantly carry in stock 16 quart crates ail made up ready for use, either for strawberries or blueberries. No order too small or too large for us to handle. We can ship the folding boxes and crates in K. D. from Milwaukee. Promptness is essential in handling fruit, and we aim to do our part well. A large discount for early orders. A postal brings our price list.
Cumberland Fruit Package Company
Dept. D, Cumberland, Wis.
food there is only one group in which crossing is apt to occur, the common pumpkin and the summer squashes such as summer crookneck, scallop etc. all of whieh belong to the same species Cucurbita Pepo.
A Beginner Wants to Know
There is a man in Milwaukee who is going out on a farm next spring to stay, lie knows nothing about fruit growing and asks many questions. On this account his case is hopeful because he knows that he doesn’t know and is willing to learn. Feeling that there may be other similarly situated one batch of his questions and answers to same are given :
(1) Give list of apples for farm orchard in Forest county, also crabs.
Ans. We are tempted to answer, 12 Hibernal but other varieties may succeed. Try 4 Duchess, 3 Patten Greening, 3 Ma-linda, 2 Hibernal. For crabs, 1 Ilyslop, 1 Transcendent, 1 Martha.
(2) Should Tolman and Windsor be included in any list of apples for Forest Co.
are in a position to furnish high grade Nursery Stock of all kinds and varieties suitable to Wisconsin and other northern districts.
Will be glad to figure on your wants either in large or small quantities.
(3) How many plum trees and what kinds and same for grapes.
Ans. Six plum trees will be enough, two each De Soto, Forest
This package delivers your apple shipments in first class condition. It is a U. S. Standard Bushel. Best DISPLAY package. Make it your standard shipping package this year.
Write for Prices and Proof of Universal Packages
Prompt and Efficient Service Assured Shipments Made from Nearest Factory
Factories located in: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, Iowa, Arkansas and Texas.
SEND 25c (COIN OR STAMPS) FOR SAMPLE
Package Sales Corporation, South Bend, Ind.
Garden, Hawkeye. No grapes for Forest Co. unless on the south side of the building where the vines can be thoroly protected from frost during the fruit ripening season. Try Beta and Moore’s Early.
(4) Distance to plant fruit trees.
Ans. Apple 20 by 24 ft. or 20 by 20. Plums 16 by 16 ft. for home orchard.
(5) Shall I plant in spring or fall?
Spring planting only for Wis-sonsin no matter what they do elsewhere.
There Are All Kinds of People Including Milwaukee Commission Men
The following from the Milwaukee Journal of Dec. 20th, will amuse our apple growers in_Sturgeon Bay, The Kiekapoo, Baraboo and other places who last fall sold many, many carloads of beautiful apples, Dudley, Wealthy, McIntosh, Snow, etc., at good prices and were unable to supply the demand. But the sales were not made to Milwaukee dealers.
Long ago our grower.1', for reasons which need not be recited here, learned to avoid Milwaukee as a market and as a result Broadway dealers get only “barnyard” stock from Hales Corners way and around Waukesha and think they are getting Wisconsin apples. Here is the joke, it should have been sent to Luke McLuke:
“Milwaukee commission men say that Wisconsin apples are not handled in any large quantities on the local market. Most of the apples sold here arc from the west, New York and Michigan. There is only slight demand for the Badger product.”
“Wisconsin apples are not or the desired commercial variety." said a Milwaukee commission man. “The apples are not properly prepared for shipmen: They are largely fall apples am: do not keep as long as apple-from other parts.”
Protecting Fanners Against Fake Insecticides
By Dr. J. K. Haywood, United States Dept, of Agriculture
In the enforcement of the insecticide act, officials of tie United States Department of Agriculture have had some wonder fill and weird “remedies brought to their attention.
A preparation sold as a remedy for all kinds of diseases of tre-was found to consist of approx;-
mately 80 per cent table salt and' the remainder consisted of equally “powerful” ingredients. This great “remedy” was sold by an “itinerant tree specialist,” who “guaranteed to exterminate” tree diseases and naively informed his credulous victims that tree diseases were caused by uneven temperature and overproduction of wood which causes the sap to become congealed in the “arteries” of the trees. lie compared the treatment of tree diseases to the treatment of human diseases and consigned to the scrap heap all the conclusions and results of scientific investigators, insisting that he was the discoverer of the only true method of treatment. And this wonderful remedy may be bought, ladies and gentlemen, for the modest and insignificant sum of only $3 per can, cash money.
Unhampered by Facts
Another “remarkable” preparation was offered to lhe poultryman for the guaranteed extermination of vermin in h's Hocks by the simple expedient of adding a few drops to the drinking waiter, which became effective through the pores of the chicken and thus killed the lice on its back. This was an interesting theory to the sc’entists of the department, since chickens have no pores execpt two small ones at the base of the tail. This seeming obstacle to the practical working of the remedy meant nothing at all in the young life of its discoverer, who without hesitation denounced the department and impatiently pointed out the feather holes to prove h's assertion that chickens did in fact have pores.
The treatment of diseased trees by the injection or inoculation method also seems to be a favorite of some “tree specialists.” Cyanide capsules were used by one of these gentlemen in his “treatment” and many promis
and keeping the soil loose are the greatest factors in crop production, next to good soil and seeds. Gilson Garden Tools reduce weeding and cultivating labor to a minimum.
WEEDER BLADE IN POSITION
CULTIVATOR IN POSITION
GILSON WEEDER BLADE
A combination plow weeder and cultivator that can be changed from one to the other in a jiffy. A complete plowing, tilling and weeding tool. At your dealers or shipped prepaid for $8.95.
FOUR HEIGHT ADJUSTMENTS
ADJUSTABLE FROM 4 TO 10 IN.
•“FOUR HCIGMT ADJUSTMENTS
THE GILSON WEEDER
Shown in wheel style above and in handle style to the left below combines hoe and rake in one. Made in 4 sizes: 3% in., $1.15, 5 in., $1.25, 6 in., $1.35, 8 in., $1.45 for handle tools. Wheel outfit, $3.70.
shown in wheel type at the left and in handle type below makes quick work of destroying weeds and loosening the soil without backaches and downward pressure. Made in 3 sizes, 5 styles. Handle Type, 5 tooth, $1.15; 7 tooth, $1.45; 9 tooth, $1.70. Wheel Type, 7 tooth, $3.90; 9 tooth,
If your dealer cannot supply you order direct from this advertisement or send for free
ing orchards were irreparably injured until the department got on his trad.
A combination of salt bricks with a little sulphur has been sold for destroying lice and ticks on cattle. “Simply put the brick in the pasture and let the cattle lick it and—presto! away go the lice and ticks.’’ So said the manufacturer, but the insecticide board of the department failed to agree with him and he is now “specializing” in some other treatment which is certain to remove shekels from the purses of his victims.
Read Labels Carefully
Apparently it is only necessary to devise some treatment which is s'mple and easy to administer and the silver-tongued fakers are able to “put it across.” The department advises all purchasers to write for information regarding the demonstrated and established treatments which may require more time and labor, but which are known to be safe and the best available treatments. Carefully read the labels and see if the seller has dared to put in print, the verbal promises be makes. If so, the department will get him if he don’t watch out and if he has made false and exorbitant claims.
The disinfectant which makes a strong odor, but which does not kill any germs; the insecticide or fungicide which is not effective against insects or d’seases, or which positively injures the plants or crops; all of these things are receiving the attention of your Uncle Samuel who is endeavoring to prevent the billion and a half dollars of annual losses to crops and animals through ■the ravages of insects and d sease.
FEED YOUR VEGETABLES
That crisp quality in vegetables that the fancy trade demands comes of quick, vigorous feeding upon an abundant supply of plant food. To push growth quickly there must be plenty of nitrogen under the crops, and nitrogen as a top-dressing or side-dressing. ' ' i
Sulphate of Ammonia
is the ideal nitrogenous fertilizer. It yields up its nitrogen fast enough for all of the demands of the plant, but not too fast, nor so fast that there is unnecessary waste through leaching.
Sulphate of Ammonia is the well-known standard article that has done you good service in your mixed fertilizers for years past.
From Bag to Fertilizer Distributor
For information as to application, write Desk No. 17
Arcadian is the kilndr i e d and screened grade, made fine and dry for top-dressing purposes. Ammonia 251% guaranteed. Made in U. S. A.
AMONG WISCONSIN BEEKEEPERS
Devoted to The Interests of The Wisconsin State Beekeepers’ Association H. F. Wilson, Editor
Honey contains vitamines and also •mall quantities of various minerals acrssary for the development of the kmIv. It is the most healthy sweet inown to man and is the very best >ne known for children.
Make ready now to attend the sum-ner field meet to be held at Chippewa Falls, August 15 to 21, 1921. 'onie prepared to learn many new ;hings and also to have a splendid Miration.
Reports are now coming in from various parts of the state and the beekeepers report that while there was considerable loss from dysentery, yet there seems to be a fair amount of bees per colony. Dysentery seems to have been more, general this past winter than in previous year. There seems to be no definite reason but it is quite evident that poor stores of some kind were gathered in the fall. Since dysentery seems to be more common, our beekeepers should plan to save stores from the early clover flow or else each colony should be fed at least 25 pounds of sugar syrup in October. Make preparations now to give the bees the best stores next winter.
In our last issue of Wisconsin Horticulture we asked the beekeepers of the state to contribute to the National Advertising Campaign now being conducted by the American Honey Producers’ League. To date we have not received any individual contributions. In spite of the fact that any number of our beekeepers have spoken in favor of such a plan not a single individual has yet offered to contribute.
CONTRIBUTIONS TO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGN OF AMERICAN HONEY PRODUCERS’ LEAGUE
Wisconsin Honey Producers’
Wisconsin State Beekeepers’ Association .............. 50.00
WHO WILL BE NEXT?
To Members of The Wisconsin State Beekeepers Association
The editor and publishers of WISCONSIN HORTICULTURE regret that it has become necessary to reduce space allowed to your Society to two pages instead of four. It may be. necessry to reduce still further for May and June. A corresponding reduction has been made in other departments. We will resume publication at former size at the earliest possible date and if possible will give you a special edition or a supplement to make up for the loss you are now experiencing. Regretting that we are compelled to cut and soliciting your consideration, I remain, Respectfully yours, Frederic Cranefield, Editor, Wisconsin Horticulture.
Improving the Demand for Honey
Indies and Gentlemen of the Convention:— .
Every fair minded honey producer in the United States knows this s one of the most important questions affecting the beekeeping industry today.
Dr. Bonney, president of the Iowa Beekeepers Association states, in an article of the August number of “Domestic Beekeeper” under the heading — Honey Prices—“This is a burning and vital question with honey producers just now.” G. W. Bercau, manager of the Elizo Apiary Co. of Los Angeles, Calif., in the same paper for October and November says, under the heading of—Marketing Extracted Honey-—“The question of marketing honey is paramount in the bee industry.”
And, in spite of the opposite views which some of my contemporaries hold. I want to go on record as saying, “the successful and profitable marketing of honey is the foundation of the bee industry’ in this country’, upon which foundation every branch of the industry must rest.” And I am convinced beyond any’ doubt whatever, no matter how many new beekeepers wo call into existence, and how numerous the members of our associations are for the time being, if wo fail in this all important part of profitable marketing, which must include a better demand, we fail in all of them as far as the industry is concerned as a national recourse. For sooner or later the industry will collapse like a card house, without profitable returns to those engaged in the pursuit of honey production.
Having shown to the convention the importance of improving the demand for honey, I will now speak on advertising, the only medium by which the demand can be improved. Here again we have different views and many minds. But the one standing out the most prominent is the one of the doubters as to the usefulness of advertising. I wish to sa\ here that advertising of the right kind is accumulative, which means it gains in selling strength as time goes on no matter what the advertised commodity may be, providing It has merits. It compares favorably with building up a one frame nucleus into a powerful colony. It neither can store up any surplus honey until it has grown into a fair sized colony, and then only a comparatively small amount. But when it has reached the stage of a rousing colony, occupying from ten to fifteen combs for brood rearing, we are justified in looking for a big surplus.
In our industry we have those beekeepers who do not expect a one frame nucleus to gather a surplus ot honey, but they expect by paying a fifty cent or one dollar initiation fee into some association that that association ought to sell their honey crop at a big profit, advertise and create a demand for same. And in case the association should not sell the honey itself would create such a demand for their product that the public would flock with water buckets to their honey houses during extracting season and take the honey away from the extractor as fast as it is extracted, paying more than a satisfactory and profitable price to the producer. Failing in this, they curse the association and its officers and attack each other by ruinous price cutting, amounting in some instances to ten cents a pound on the same grade of honey. If they would stop and reason, and learn from the rousing and profitable colony of bees mentioned, how it was built up, the time, bees and care it took, they would also be patient in regard to advertising honey. For it takes a good deal more time, patience and money to build up a demand for an article of food which has been known to the public for ages, but which, owing to the neglect of the producer in keeping it before the publ'c thru judicious advertising has lost its popularity and gencial demand, than it does to advertise an entirely new thing.
We beekeepers must learn to realize that we ourselves, and we only. must bear the expense of the first cost of advertising honey. We must be willing to assess ourselves in order to raise the funds necessary to do so, that we may be able to start the advertising nucleus. First locally, by demonstrating the use of honey in cooking and baking contests. distributing recipes and literature and perhaps give away samples of honey. Second, we must raise a State advertising fund. And since there is now a national move on foot we may want to join it in a honey advertising campaign.
The ways of popularizing our product are many, too numerous to mention in this paper, the scope of which, of necessity must be limited. And I choose to conclude by stating that whatever method of advertising we may decide upon, do not let us adopt the mistaken one known as PRICE CUTTING, which is in reality not increasing the demand for out product, but to the contrary’ cheapens it in the eyes of the public, by’ creating a doubt as to its merits as a valuable food product.
A. C. F. Bartz.
Wisconsin Honey Producers* Cooperative Association
In our last issue, there is an article by Mr. A. Swahn, Ellsworth, Wisconsin, and one in the present issue by Mr. A. ('. F. Bartz which should be read from end to end several times. We might perhaps jolly Mr. Bartz because of the fact that the Chippewa Valley Beekeepers Association voted not to take any stock in the coopertive association at this time. The Chippewa Valley folks are undoubtedly’ progressive and no doubt have been able to dispose of all their honey’ without any outside assistance. On the other hand it may be $10 is too large a sum for any one of them to raise in which case it has been suggested by’ one of our beekeepers that we send them this year’s donations which we expect to give to foreign missions. CHARITY BEGINS AT HOME.
Mr. Swahn and Mr. Bartz have very nicely’ pointed out the important facts connected with our marketing problems and it should be emphasized that Organization is the most important feature of all. The Wisconsin Honey Producers” Cooperative Association can if properly’ supported sell all the honey’ produced in Wisconsin and our beekeepers can be assured of a reasonable and fair profit but without an organization of some kind, our beekeepers will be accepting anywhere from 6c to 10c for their honey within a few years. At the same time the retail price will not be materially’ lowered beyond what it is now which will mean a bigger difference to the distributors. Beekeepers who do not belong to the association are writing in asking us to sell their honey'. Yet they’ have not made any offer to take even one share of stock. In order to make the cooperative association a success it should have at least a capital of $20,000 and if this amount of money is to be raised, the beekeepers must get behind this movement. A sufficient number of subscriptions have been received to take up all the capital stock of the present orgnization but five times as much stock must be subscribed and paid for before we can increase our capitalization to even $15,000 or $20.-000. The association has already helped a few beekeepers dispose of some honey’ and efforts are still being made along this line. We hope that before the season is over, that every bit of honey will be moved although there is a possibility that this will not happen as honey is now being offered in the west at 6 Vz and 7c per pound.
Because of the difference of opinion among our beekeepers, a definite plan for distributing honey’ has not yet been worked out but this will be done before next season’s crop comes on and the association will be ready to start early. A list of the members and the amount of stock subscribed for is included. $820 has at the present time been paid into the treasury’.
H. F. Wilson, Secretary-Treasurer.
Now ready for delivery from one of the best breeders of the South. Price $1.25 cash with order. Safe delivery guaranteed.
Also a few three-frame nuclei with pure bred queens at $6.50 each.
H. L. MrMURRY, Madison, Wis.
Wisconsin Honey Producer’* Cooperative Association
Shares of Stock Subscribed for
A. Swahn .....
Chas. Duax . . .
J. G. McKerlie
F. F. Stelling .
H. R. Ta vs . . . .
Dr. Siebecker .
Members Shares of
Stock Subscribed foi
Wires cut into all-wood frames and lose tension; portions of honey comb may sag when wires loosen; worker brood is not reared in sagged comb parts, drone brood may be; honey may clog sagged combs; smaller crops, increased swarming often result; eyeletted end-bar frames will help remedy this; eyeletted frames made available by Lewis “BEEWARE.”
Wires do not rust at contact with eyelets. Less tension is needed in wiring eyeletted frames. Wires do not cut metal eyelets. Sold only in packages of frames. No eyelets or end-bars sold. End-bars have to be specially bored; eyelets fitted by automatic machinery.
Furnished Only by “Beeware" distributors^
Send for a “Beeware” catalog today.
KK HIVU ANO AMAIHAM MUIFMCNT BEWARE WHERE YOU BUY YOUR BEEWARE ^M§®WIS.s
MAKES THE JJNEST.
‘ ‘Beeware ” is a Registered Trademark
G. B. LEWIS CO. Ha™ fflrks Watertown, Wis
Branches: Albany, N. Y., Memphis, Tenn., Lawyers, (Near Lynchburg) Va.
McKAY NURSERY COMPANY MADISON, WISCONSIN
for Particular Buyers Have all the standard varieties as well as the newer sorts. Can supply you with everything In
Fruit Trees, Small Fruits, Vines and Ornamentals.
Let us suggest what to plant both in Orchard and in the decoration of your grounds. Prices and our new Catalog sent promptly upon receipt ot your list of wants.
Italian Bees and Queens for Sale
After June 1st, untested queens, $1.00; tested, $2. One frame nucleus with untested queen after July 1st, $5.00. Two frame, $8.00. Full colonies after August 1st. Orders booked now with 10 per cent down.
Should send for our booklet on the new MODIFIED DADANT HIVE. The hive with a brood chamber sufficient for prolific queens. OUR CATALOG IS FREE.
The Success of the Utilitor has been Instant
A year ago the world knew nothing about such a machine. Today the big Midwest factories at Indianapolis are literally deluged with cries for Utilitors from Russia, South Africa, France, Belgium, the Balkans—from the whole hungry world. Great food-raising America is calling loudest of all.
This machine does all the work of one horse—plows, harrows, culti
vates, hauls, or mows, plus anything that any four horse power gas engine can do. The price, $380. f. o. b. Indianapolis, brings it within the reach of everybody. Power is power, no matter what you do with it—and “Utilitor” is only another name for general utility power in a small, self-propelled handy power unit that anybody can use.
Do not forget, too, that this little power unit is the product of one of the world’s oldest and greatest producers of power; and the fact that it carries the famous “Dependable Power” nameplate of the Midwest Engine Company is a guarantee of its efficiency and durability. Nevertheless we give you an unbreakable and absolute guarantee. And, on top of this, Midwest Service follows the Utilitor into the field.
The G. M. Madson Seed Co.
Write for Circular -r