winter stores, yet it is a means of the stimulation of brood rearing, which means strong colonies for winter quarters consisting of young bees that will represent the maximum possibility in the way of large crops of honey the following year. In localities where a large amount of honey is realized from fall flowers, provision should be made to save enough combs of sealed honey from the clover flow for wintering purposes. The fall honey can be extracted and disposed of. Some of it can be profitably saved over until spring for feeding purposes. Fall honeys are usually considered to be detrimental in wintering bees because of their causing dysentery; however, where such honeys are well-ripened the danger is not nearly so great as it is sometimes supposed.

The function of nectar. Some plants are dioecious, that is, the staminate or pollen-bearing flowers and the pistillate or seed-producing flowers being borne on separate plants. In sane species the pollen is carried from flower to flower by the wind but one of the most common and important methods is through the agency of insects. In cross-fertilization the ovule of one flower is fertilized by the pollen from another flower, often from another plant of the same species. It is in the latter case that the honey bee serves an important function. The bees which perform this mission are usually attracted by the nectar which the flowers secrete and, in going from flower to flower to get this nectar for food, they act as unconscious agents of crossfertilization by carrying pollen from the stamen of one flower to the pistil of another. The nectar is therefore the attractive object in the entire process. The nectar which is secreted in the flowers of numerous species of plants is not a mere by-product of plant activity but serves a definite function in the plant's llfe-cycle. A single honeybee usually makes a large number of visits during its life period. It not only visits the flowers for its own food, but carries back to the hive large quantities to feed the