REDBUD, JUDAS TREE (Cercis canadensis). A small tree to 50 feet tall with large heart-shaped leaves with 5 veins, and numerous reddish-pink, peashaped flowers in masses along the smaller branches. It grows from southern Ontario to Florida and Texas and where abundant may produce a light-colored, well flavored honey in early spring but most of it is used in brood rearing.
ROCKY MOUNTAIN BEE PLANT, STINKING CLOVER (Cleome serrulata). Annual herbs with large clusters of pinkish-purple flowers with stamens and pistils long and spreading and leaves with 3 leaflets. Range from Kansas and Oregon to New Mexico and Arizona on sandy land. The honey is white with a greenish tinge and has a good flavor. It blooms from June to September. Frank Hildebrand in the panhandle of Oklahoma obtained 2 to 3 supers per colony in 3 weeks. Yellow cleome (C. lutea) has much the same characteristics.
ROSE (Rosa spp.). Thorny shrubs with pinnately compound leaves and large flowers with great numbers of yellow stamens. Roses grow over most of the United States and southern Canada. It is generally agreed that most roses are nectarless and are visited by insects for the abundant pollen.
SAINFOIN (Onobrychis sativa). A legume with pea-shaped, pink flowers cultivated in western United States and Canada where it blooms in the summer. The honey is pale yellow and very clear. A very valuable species in France and England, it may become important in the United States.
SALAL (Gaultheria Shallon). An evergreen shrub up to 5 feet tall with long racemes of pink flowers. It grows from Washington south to central California in the red wood forests. Bees collect considerable nectar from the bell-shaped flowers.
OAPBUSH, GUAYACAN (Porlieria angustifolia). Evergreen shrubs, 3 to 4 feet tall, with 4 to 8 pairs of leathery leaflets and lilac to violet flowers, ¾-inch broad, and winged, heart-shaped fruits. In southern Texas in arid locations, soapbush yields a white, mild honey with a heavy body. Yields of soapbush and catsclaw honey may run as high as 150 pounds according to W. O. Victor of Uvalde, although the yield is generally much smaller.
TAMARISK, ATHEL TREE, SALT CEDAR (Tamarix spp.). Shrubs up to 15 feet tall with tiny, slender, green branchlets resembling needles of cone trees, the tiny scalelike leaves soon