pound leaves and great, flat-topped or pyramidal clusters of small white flowers. Elderberry occurs over most of United States and is often quite common. The flowers are nectarless, but are occasionally visited by bees for pollen. The berries are often used in cooking.
EUCALYPTUS, GUM TREES (Eucalyptus spp.). One or more species are in bloom in California during every month of the year, but the chief honey flow is in the winter and spring. The honey is usually dark, thin, and poorly flavored, although some species produce light-colored honey. Blue gum (E. globulus), the fastest growing tree in the world, yields a honey crop one year out of four in southern California, but the honey has to be sold for commercial purposes.
FARKLEBERRY, SPARKLEBERRY (Vaccinium arboreum). A much branched shrub up to 25 feet with white bell-shaped flowers and black berries. It is closely related to the blueberry. The honey is described as amber and rather strong by Howard Weaver in Texas. It has a reddish tinge according to W. H. Purser in South Carolina where it is a major honey plant in the sand hill section of the state. It blooms in June.
GALLBERRY, INKBERRY (Ilex glabra). A shrub up to six feet tall with numerous small white flowers and black berries. It blooms in spring in the south Atlantic and Gulf states and produces a light amber honey with a yellowish cast. The honey has an aromatic after-taste which is very popular with consumers in the area. Up to 300 pounds have been stored by a single hive but usually the average is from 30 to 50 pounds. Gallberry makes ideal chunk honey because it does not granulate even in cold weather. Highbush Gallberry (Ilex coriacea) blooms in the same area and adds to the surplus, but will crystallize eventually.
GOPHER APPLE (Chrysobalanus oblongifolius) is a tiny shrub about one foot high which blooms in May in southern Georgia and Florida. The honey is amber with a good flavor. Only in a few places is gopher apple common enough for a surplus.
HAWTHORN, THORN APPLE, HAW (Crataegus spp.). Thorny shrubs or small trees with clusters of white flowers and small usually red fruits. There are numerous species common in the eastern states. Bees visit the flowers chiefly for nectar and small surpluses of 10 to 15 pounds are sometimes stored. The honey is dark and strong. The flowers have a nauseous odor of decay and attract many flies.
HEATHER, LING (Calluna vulgaris). Evergreen shrubs up to two feet tall with white or red-colored flowers. A leading honey plant in Great Britain and northern Europe, introduced and locally established from Newfoundland to Michigan and south to New Jersey and West Virginia. The honey is reddish-amber, very heavy-bodied with an aromatic flavor. It is very popular in Europe and brings premium prices.
HERCULES CLUB, DEVIL’S-WALKING-STICK CLUB, DEVIL’S-WALKING-STICK (Aralia spinosa). Spiny shrubs with great clusters of white flowers several feet across and very large twice-compound leaves. They occur in the eastern states south to north Florida and Texas. Bees and other insects form great clouds over the thousands of flowers in each cluster. The honey is light-colored but bitter, according to Charles Ogle of Gatlin-burg, Tennessee, where the shrub is abundant. It blooms in late summer, July to September.
HOLLY, AMERICAN (Ilex opaca). Trees with evergreen, spiny leaves and clusters of small white flowers. Occasionally holly produces from 50 to 200 pounds surplus in parts of southern Arkansas and adjacent states. The honey is white or extra light amber with a good flavor and is slow to crystallize.
HOREHOUND (Marrubium vulgare). A minty herb with small twolipped white flowers, introduced from Europe but escaped in many areas, particularly the southwest The honey is amber with a strong flavor resembling horehound candy. It is used in cough syrups. The honey is popular with those who like horehound candy.
HUAJILLO, GUAJILLO (Acacia Berlandieri). A shrub 3 to 10 feet tall