BUCKWHEAT. (Fagopyrum esculentum) Is not an important honey plant in Wisconsin except in localities where it is extensively grown. Honey is dark in color, flavor strong and rank, of use mainly in baking. Nectar is secreted most abundantly in the morning.
CANADA THISTLE. (Cirsium arvense) A common weed, yielding honey of good color and quality.
CATNIP. (Nepeta cataria) Secretes nectar very freely.
CHICORY. (Cichorium Intybus) Yields nectar, where found, in August and September.
DANDELION. (Taraxicum officinale) Valuable in spring for both pollen and honey. Honey is amber in color. Found in waste places and as a weed in fields and lawns. Not valuable as a source of surplus honey, but especially helpful in building up colonies in early spring.
GOLDENROD. (Solidago) Numerous species. The honey is golden or dark amber, thick and of fair flavor. Various species are adapted to all types of soil, but those growing in moist soils are the only ones of value to the beekeeper. The species that bloom early are probably of little value for nectar. The odor of the honey is quite pronounced and can be detected some distance from the hive when freshly gathered. The value of the goldenrods is probably exaggerated. In many places they are the most conspicuous flowers in the fall and get credit for honey which probably comes mainly from the asters.
HEARTSEASE. (Persicaria persicaria) lady's thumb, smartweed. Annual herbs, flowering in dense racemes, pink and purple, from July to October. Honey is light amber to dark, flavor good but easily lost on heating. Most beekeepers call this plant heartsease and in some sections of the State is a valuable honey source.