souri River in semi-arid regions where irrigation is practiced. Immense crops are secured in Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, and in the Great Central and Imperial valleys, California. In the southwestern section the honey is darker in color and slightly stronger in flavor than in the intermountain region. The alfalfa territory is nearly all occupied at present, but with the extension, of the area under irrigation there will soon be a larger area of this valuable honey plant.
Practically all of the orange and mountain sage honey comes from southern California within a radius of one hundred and fifty miles of Los Angeles. Florida produces a small amount of orange honey, but not much of it finds its way into the markets. Although the yield in California is limited, irrigation of the groves renders it fairly reliable. But in order to obtain a surplus the colonies must contain a great number of bees at the beginning of the orange flow, and this is difficult to secure since the colonies dwindle from excessive activity during winter, and the queens wear out from laying eggs and are incapable of producing a great amount of brood in the spring. This difficulty may be remedied to a large extent by the introduction of new queens and by having a super of stores above the colony.
The mountain-sage region of California is restricted to the Coast Ranges, extending from the foothills in San Benito and Monterey counties to San Diego County in the southwestern part of the state. The larger portion of the sage honey comes from Ventura, San Diego, and Los Angeles counties, and from western Riverside and San Bernardino counties. The crop is dependent on sufficient rainfall.
While most of the white honey of the highest quality which comes into the commercial market is produced in the colder parts of the country, many light-colored honeys of good flavor are gathered in the southern states, as those obtained from gallberry, white tupelo, black tupelo, sourwood, palmetto, cotton, huajilla, and catsclaw.
Sourwood is chiefly valuable as a source of honey in the mountainous regions of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. This fine honey is nearly all consumed in the localities in which it is produced. Undoubtedly the best section for the production of gallberry and tupelo honey is southeastern Georgia. “The commercial beekeeper,” writes E. R. Root, “will find that Georgia has better opportunities to offer than any other southern state. Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana are better adapted to raising bees in early spring than to the production of honey. More bees in package form are shipped from Alabama than from any other state. Neither in quantity nor quality is the honey produced in these three states equal to that of Georgia. Owing to the wide distribution of bitterweed much of it is dark and bitter, and for this reason many apiaries are run mainly for the sale of bees in packages. Texas and California alone offer advantages to the beekeeper comparable with those of Georgia, but in some years both suffer so severely from dry weather that no surplus is stored, or there may be an insufficient amount of honey gathered for wintering.”
Cabbage palmetto and scrub palmetto cover large areas in central and southern Florida, and yield a large amount of pale yellow or nearly white honey. Scrub palmetto honey is considered one of the finest honeys of Florida. Huajilla and catsclaw are the sources of a large surplus of white, mild honey on the Rio Grande Plain in southeastern Texas. The cotton belt comprises eastern North Carolina, eastern South Carolina, all of the Gulf states, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. Cotton is a very important honey plant on the Black Prairie of Texas, where it yields a mild light-colored honey in great amount. It is also the chief source of surplus in the bottom-lands of Arkansas.