Teasel is so rare as to be of only minor importance; and in view of the length of the corolla-tube it seems rather probable that its value has been much overrated. Fuller’s teasel. Card thistle. Clothiers’ brush.

TENEZA (Leucaena pulverulenta). — A large Mexican tree growing in the rich bottom-lands in Hidalgo and Cameron counties, Texas, along the Rio Grande. It was formerly placed in the genus Acacia. The leaves are pinnate, and the white flowers, which are produced in great abundance, are in globose heads. It is reported as important at Brownsville, in the extreme south of Texas, and to yield nectar from April to September. Also called Tennazza.

TEXAN EBONY (Siderocarpus flexicaulis). — A small evergreen tree or shrub with pinnate leaves and fragrant yellow flowers, growing on bluffs in southern Texas and northern Mexico. At Brownsville it blooms in June, but, like many other Texas plants, it blossoms several times if there is much rain. It is reported to yield a small surplus of honey of good quality. This species resembles an Acacia in both foliage and flowers, in which genus it was formerly placed.

THOROUGHWORT. — See Boneset.

THISTLE. — See Canada Thistle, Blue Thistle, and Napa Thistle.

THYME (Thymus Serpyllum). — A creeping perennial plant, with sweet aromatic foliage, cultivated as a culinary herb, and growing wild from Nova Scotia to Pennsylvania. The purplish flowers, which are in dense whorls, bloom from July to August and are very attractive to bees. The nectar is very abundant and has an aromatic flavor.

TIE-VINE (Ipomoea trifida). — At Victoria, Victoria County, Texas, from 60 to 120 pounds of honey are gathered in spring and summer from horsemint and cotton and in the fall from tie-vine and aster. Tie-vine grows in the bottom-lands and black lands, and blooms in late summer and fall. The flowers are pink tinged with blue. The honey is mild-flavored, heavy, and amber-colored.

TITI. — The titi family, or Cyrillaceae, contains but 6 species, which are found only in America. They are shrubs or small trees growing in wet land, or swamps, and along rivers. There are 3 species in the southern states, which are valuable as honey plants. The honey has been frequently described as dark colored and poor flavored compared to northern white honey.

Black titi (Cliftonia monophylla). Buckwheat-tree. Ironweed. Spring titi. A smooth evergreen shrub, or small tree, common in swamps in Georgia and Florida and westward to Louisiana. The white fragrant flowers are in long racemes, which are drooping when young but finally become erect. In southwestern Georgia the blooming period extends from the last of February to the first of April. It is a very reliable honey plant and yields a large surplus. When the weather is fair the bees bring in the nectar very rapidly, working early and late on the bloom. The honey is light amber in color, with a rather thin body, and after extraction granulates quickly. Its flavor is a little strong with a slight bitter after-twang. As a comb honey it sells readily in the southern market. (Fig. 114.)

Small-leaved or red titi (Cyrilla parvifolia) is an evergreen shrub, 6 to 10 feet tall, growing in swamps and along streams from Florida to Louisiana. The leaves are oblong, leathery, shining green above but paler below. The numerous small white flowers are in racemes and appear in February and March. It yields an amber-colored honey, which is strong-flavored, but suitable for baking purposes.

White titi or ivory bush (Cyrilla racemifolia) is also a swamp shrub, or small tree, but it is more widely distributed than the preceding species, extending from Virginia to Florida and westward to Texas. The large much branched bushes, from 5 to 10 feet tall, are during the last, half of May covered with innumerable small white blossoms. The flowers are in narrow, dense racemes, which are clustered at the ends of the twigs. It is the last of the spring honey plants to bloom and the