Terms of flowering honey plants in the USA and Canada

According to observations of naturalists and beekeepers.

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Terms of flowering honey plants in the USA and Canada
Plant name Plant type Picture Flowering period
Acer rubrum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowers on a branch closeup.
Scientific name:

Acer rubrum

Common name(s): Red maple, Scarlet maple.
Tree

Acer rubrum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowers on a branch closeup.
February ↔ March
Acer saccharinum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, branch with flowers, early spring.
Scientific name:

Acer saccharinum

Common name(s): Silver maple, Soft maple.
Tree

Acer saccharinum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, branch with flowers, early spring.
February ↔ April
Salix nigra – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Earrings and green leaves on a branch.
Scientific name:

Salix nigra

Common name(s): Black willow, Swamp willow, Southwestern black willow, Gulf black willow, Scythe-leaved willow.
Tree, Shrub

Salix nigra – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Earrings and green leaves on a branch.
February ↔ April
Cercis canadensis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, blooming pink flowers of cercis canadensis.
Scientific name:

Cercis canadensis

Common name(s): Eastern redbud, Redbud, Cersis Reniformis.
Tree, Shrub

Cercis canadensis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, blooming pink flowers of cercis canadensis.
February ↔ May
Malus angustifolia – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowers bloom at the same time as leaves appear.
Scientific name:

Malus angustifolia

Common name(s): American crab apple, Buncombe crab apple, Crabtree, Narrowleaf crab, Narrowleaf crab apple, Southern crab, Southern crab apple.
Tree, Shrub

Malus angustifolia – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowers bloom at the same time as leaves appear.
February ↔ May
Aronia arbutifolia – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Plant begins to bloom.
Scientific name:

Aronia arbutifolia

Common name(s): Red chokeberry.
Shrub

Aronia arbutifolia – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Plant begins to bloom.
February ↔ May
Amelanchier arborea – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, delicate white flowers.
Scientific name:

Amelanchier arborea

Common name(s): Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Shadblow, Sugarplum.
Tree, Shrub

Amelanchier arborea – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, delicate white flowers.
March
Ulmus americana – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Spring branch with blooming flowers.
Scientific name:

Ulmus americana

Common name(s): American elm, White elm, Water elm, Soft elm, Florida elm.
Tree

Ulmus americana – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Spring branch with blooming flowers.
March ↔ Early April
Prunus americana – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, The branch is blooming.
Scientific name:

Prunus americana

Common name(s): American plum, Goose plum, River plum, Wild plum.
Shrub-tree

Prunus americana – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, The branch is blooming.
March ↔ April
Salix discolor – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowering plant, contrasting background.
Scientific name:

Salix discolor

Common name(s): Pussy willow, American pussy willow, Glaucous willow, Large pussy willow.
Shrub-tree

Salix discolor – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowering plant, contrasting background.
March ↔ May
Pyrus communis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Pear blossoms in white, inflorescence closeup.
Scientific name:

Pyrus communis

Common name(s): European pear, Common pear.
Tree

Pyrus communis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Pear blossoms in white, inflorescence closeup.
March ↔ May
Celtis laevigata – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the beginning of flowering, branch.
Scientific name:

Celtis laevigata

Common name(s): Hackberry, Sugarberry, Lowland hackberry, Sugar hackberry, Arizona sugarberry, Netleaf hackberry, Small's hackberry, Southern hackberry, Texas sugarberry.
Tree

Celtis laevigata – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the beginning of flowering, branch.
March ↔ May
Acer negundo – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, this plant begins to bloom simultaneously with the appearance of leaves.
Scientific name:

Acer negundo

Common name(s): Boxelder, Western boxelder, Arizona boxelder, California boxelder, Texas boxelder, Interior boxelder, Violet boxelder.
Tree

Acer negundo – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, this plant begins to bloom simultaneously with the appearance of leaves.
March ↔ May
Salix lucida – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, One beautiful catkin, close up.
Scientific name:

Salix lucida

Common name(s): Shining willow, Greenleaf willow, Tail-leaf willow, Whiplash willow, Pacific willow, Lance-leaf willow, Longleaf willow, Red willow, Western shining willow.
Tree-shrub

Salix lucida – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, One beautiful catkin, close up.
Late March ↔ June
Malus domestica – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowers stuck to the apple tree branch.
Scientific name:

Malus domestica

Common name(s): Pyrus pumila, Malus pumila, Apple.
Tree

Malus domestica – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowers stuck to the apple tree branch.
April ↔ May
Prunus cerasus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowers close-up..
Scientific name:

Prunus cerasus

Common name(s): Sour cherry, Tart cherry, Dwarf cherry, Montmorency cherry.
Tree

Prunus cerasus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowers close-up..
April ↔ May
Malus coronaria – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, a branch dotted with pink flowers.
Scientific name:

Malus coronaria

Common name(s): Sweet crab apple, Garland crab, Alabama crab, Allegheny crab, American crab, Baltimore crab apple, Buncombe crab, Dawson crab, Dunbar crab, Fragrant crab, Garland tree, Lanceleaf crab apple, Missouri crab, Sweet-scented crab, Sweet wild crab, Wild crab, Wild sweet crab, Wild Crab Apple.
Tree-shrub

Malus coronaria – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, a branch dotted with pink flowers.
April ↔ May
Populus tremuloides – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, long catkins hanging from a branch.
Scientific name:

Populus tremuloides

Common name(s): Quaking aspen, Trembling aspen, Aspen, American aspen, Mountain aspen, Golden aspen, Trembling poplar, White poplar, Popple, Alamo Blanco.
Tree

Populus tremuloides – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, long catkins hanging from a branch.
April ↔ May
Liriodendron tulipifera – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, bright tuliptree flower on a branch.
Scientific name:

Liriodendron tulipifera

Common name(s): Tuliptree, Blue-poplar, Tulip-poplar, Yellow-poplar, Yellow wood.
Tree

Liriodendron tulipifera – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, bright tuliptree flower on a branch.
April ↔ June
Acer saccharum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, branches strewn with flowers.
Scientific name:

Acer saccharum

Common name(s): Sugar maple, Rock maple, Hard maple.
Tree

Acer saccharum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, branches strewn with flowers.
April ↔ June
Ilex opaca – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Сloseup flowers.
Scientific name:

Ilex opaca

Common name(s): American holly, Dune holly, Hummock holly, Scrub holly.
Tree, Shrub

Ilex opaca – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Сloseup flowers.
Late April ↔ May
Acer platanoides – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the beginning of the flowering period. Flowers bloom and secrete nectar.
Scientific name:

Acer platanoides

Common name(s): Norway maple.
Tree

Acer platanoides – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the beginning of the flowering period. Flowers bloom and secrete nectar.
Late April ↔ Early June
Vaccinium corymbosum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) flowers closeup.
Scientific name:

Vaccinium corymbosum

Common name(s): Highbush blueberry, High-bush blueberry, Northern highbush blueberry, Tall blueberry, Rabbiteye blueberry, Blue huckleberry, Tall huckleberry, Swamp huckleberry, High blueberry, Swamp blueberry.
Shrub

Vaccinium corymbosum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) flowers closeup.
Late April ↔ Early July


May bloom now!
Celtis occidentalis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the beginning of the flowering season, buds bloom.
Scientific name:

Celtis occidentalis

Common name(s): Common hackberry, Bastard elm, Nettle-tree, Northern hackberry.
Tree-shrub

Celtis occidentalis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the beginning of the flowering season, buds bloom.
May
Acer pensylvanicum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowers and leaves close-up.
Scientific name:

Acer pensylvanicum

Common name(s): Striped maple, Moosewood, Goosefoot maple, Whistlewood.
Tree, Shrub

Acer pensylvanicum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowers and leaves close-up.
May ↔ June
Acer spicatum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Plant flowers on a contrasting background.
Scientific name:

Acer spicatum

Common name(s): Mountain maple, Low maple, Moose maple, Water maple, Plaine batarde, Fouereux.
Tree, Shrub

Acer spicatum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Plant flowers on a contrasting background.
May ↔ June
Vaccinium angustifolium – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, beautiful white flowers on a branch, summer, close-up.
Scientific name:

Vaccinium angustifolium

Common name(s): Lowbush blueberry, Early low-bush blueberry, Low sweet blueberry.
Shrub

Vaccinium angustifolium – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, beautiful white flowers on a branch, summer, close-up.
May ↔ June
Rubus canadensis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, pink flower close-up.
Scientific name:

Rubus canadensis

Common name(s): Smooth blackberry, Thornless blackberry, Canadian blackberry, Smooth highbush blackberry.
Shrub

Rubus canadensis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, pink flower close-up.
May ↔ June
Rubus laciniatus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, beautiful flowers on a branch.
Scientific name:

Rubus laciniatus

Common name(s): Cutleaf blackberry, Evergreen blackberry, Slashed blackberry.
Shrub

Rubus laciniatus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, beautiful flowers on a branch.
May ↔ June
Rhamnus cathartica – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, young flowers on a branch, the beginning of flowering.
Scientific name:

Rhamnus cathartica

Common name(s): Common buckthorn, European buckthorn, Dahurian buckthorn.
Tree-shrub

Rhamnus cathartica – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, young flowers on a branch, the beginning of flowering.
May ↔ June
Catalpa speciosa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowers on a branch closeup.
Scientific name:

Catalpa speciosa

Common name(s): Northern catalpa, Hardy catalpa, Western catalpa, Cigar tree, Catawba-tree, Bois chavanon.
Tree

Catalpa speciosa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowers on a branch closeup.
May ↔ June
Robinia pseudoacacia – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Branch with flowers.
Scientific name:

Robinia pseudoacacia

Common name(s): Black locust, False acacia, Yellow locust, White locust, Green locust, Post locust, Falsa acacia, Robinia.
Tree

Robinia pseudoacacia – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Branch with flowers.
May ↔ June
Viburnum prunifolium – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Sweet haw (Viburnum prunifolium) branch with flowers.
Scientific name:

Viburnum prunifolium

Common name(s): Blackhaw, Black haw, Blackhaw viburnum, Sweet haw, Stag bush, Smooth Blackhaw Viburnum, Stagbush, Viburnum bushii.
Shrub, Tree

Viburnum prunifolium – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Sweet haw (Viburnum prunifolium) branch with flowers.
May ↔ June
Ajuga reptans – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Stems, leaves and flowers.
Scientific name:

Ajuga reptans

Common name(s): Bugle, Blue bugle, Bugleherb, Bugleweed, Carpetweed, Carpet bugleweed, Common bugle, St. Lawrence plant.
Forb-herb

Ajuga reptans – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Stems, leaves and flowers.
May ↔ June
Astragalus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, delicate flowers in a pine forest.
Scientific name:

Astragalus

Common name(s): Milkvetch, Locoweed, Goat's-thorn.
Herb, Shrub

Astragalus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, delicate flowers in a pine forest.
May ↔ June
Rhus glabra – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, big red flower.
Scientific name:

Rhus glabra

Common name(s): Smooth sumac, Common sumac, Rocky Mountain sumac, Red sumac, Western sumac, White sumac.
Tree-shrub

Rhus glabra – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, big red flower.
May ↔ August


May bloom now!
Allium schoenoprasum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, spherical umbrellas of wild onion inflorescences.
Scientific name:

Allium schoenoprasum

Common name(s): Chives.
Forb

Allium schoenoprasum – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, spherical umbrellas of wild onion inflorescences.
May ↔ September


May bloom now!
Brassica napus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, small delicate flowers.
Scientific name:

Brassica napus

Common name(s): Rapeseed.
Forb, Herb

Brassica napus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, small delicate flowers.
May ↔ September


May bloom now!
Sinapis arvensis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, delicate yellow flowers bloom.
Scientific name:

Sinapis arvensis

Common name(s): Charlock mustard, California rape, Charlock, Corn mustard, Canola, Kaber mustard, Rapeseed mustard.
Forb, Herb

Sinapis arvensis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, delicate yellow flowers bloom.
May ↔ October


May bloom now!
Gleditsia triacanthos – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, branch with flowers.
Scientific name:

Gleditsia triacanthos

Common name(s): Honey locust, Honey shucks locust, Common honeylocust, Sweet bean locust.
Tree

Gleditsia triacanthos – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, branch with flowers.
Early May ↔ Late June
Prunus serotina – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Black cherry flowering branch.
Scientific name:

Prunus serotina

Common name(s): Black cherry, Wild black cherry, Rum cherry, Mountain black cherry, Wild cherry.
Tree

Prunus serotina – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Black cherry flowering branch.
Late May ↔ Early June
Aronia melanocarpa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Black chokeberry - flowers on the branch .
Scientific name:

Aronia melanocarpa

Common name(s): Black chokeberry, Rowan, Mountain Ash, Sorbus.
Tree, Shrub

Aronia melanocarpa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Black chokeberry - flowers on the branch .
Late May ↔ Early June
Rubus phoenicolasius – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the beginning of flowering.
Scientific name:

Rubus phoenicolasius

Common name(s): Wine raspberry, Japanese wineberry, Wineberry.
Shrub

Rubus phoenicolasius – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the beginning of flowering.
Late May ↔ Early June
Prunus pensylvanica – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowering branch close-up.
Scientific name:

Prunus pensylvanica

Common name(s): Pin cherry, Fire cherry, Bird cherry.
Tree-shrub

Prunus pensylvanica – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowering branch close-up.
Late May ↔ June
Asclepias tuberosa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Closeup showing unopened, opening, and fully opened flower buds.
Scientific name:

Asclepias tuberosa

Common name(s): Butterflyweed, Butterfly Milkweed, Orange Milkweed, Pleurisy Root, Chigger Flower, Canada root, Fluxroot, Indian paintbrush, Indian posy, Orange root, Orange Swallow-wort, Tuber root, Yellow milkweed, White-root, Windroot, Butterfly love.
Forb, Herb

Asclepias tuberosa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Closeup showing unopened, opening, and fully opened flower buds.
Late May ↔ Early September


May bloom now!
Tilia americana – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowering linden twig.
Scientific name:

Tilia americana

Common name(s): American basswood, Basswood, Linden.
Tree

Tilia americana – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowering linden twig.
Late May ↔ Early July


May bloom now!
Amorpha fruticosa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, small flowers collected in thick long brushes.
Scientific name:

Amorpha fruticosa

Common name(s): Desert false indigo, False indigo-bush, Bastard indigobush, Indigo Bush.
Shrub

Amorpha fruticosa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, small flowers collected in thick long brushes.
June ↔ July


May bloom now!
Asclepias syriaca – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, pinkish-lilac, fragrant flowers, collected in large umbrella-shaped inflorescences.
Scientific name:

Asclepias syriaca

Common name(s): Сommon milkweed, Butterfly flower, Silkweed, Silky swallow-wort, Virginia silkweed.
Forb, Herb

Asclepias syriaca – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, pinkish-lilac, fragrant flowers, collected in large umbrella-shaped inflorescences.
June ↔ August


May bloom now!
Salsola kali – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowering bushes, blurred background.
Scientific name:

Salsola kali

Common name(s): Russian thistle, Tumbleweed, Prickly saltwort.
Forb

Salsola kali – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowering bushes, blurred background.
June ↔ August


May bloom now!
Echium vulgare – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowering plant - a very valuable honey plant.
Scientific name:

Echium vulgare

Common name(s): Viper's bugloss, Blueweed, Blue thistle.
Forb, Herb

Echium vulgare – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Flowering plant - a very valuable honey plant.
June ↔ August


May bloom now!
Brassica rapa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the beginning of the flowering period.
Scientific name:

Brassica rapa

Common name(s): Field mustard, Common mustard, Wild mustard, Wild turnip, Forage turnip, Wild rutabaga, Birdsrape mustard, Rape mustard.
Forb, Herb

Brassica rapa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the beginning of the flowering period.
June ↔ August


May bloom now!
Rubus armeniacus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Rubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) branch with flowers. Bumblebee collects nectar..
Scientific name:

Rubus armeniacus

Common name(s): Himalayan blackberry, Rubus discolor, Rubus procerus.
Shrub

Rubus armeniacus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Rubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) branch with flowers. Bumblebee collects nectar..
June ↔ August


May bloom now!
Rubus idaeus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Rubus idaeus (Raspberry) little flowers.
Scientific name:

Rubus idaeus

Common name(s): Raspberry, Black-haired red raspberry, Brilliant red raspberry, American red raspberry, Red raspberry, Smoothleaf red raspberry, Wild raspberry, Wild red raspberry, Grayleaf raspberry.
Shrub

Rubus idaeus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Rubus idaeus (Raspberry) little flowers.
June ↔ August


May bloom now!
Cirsium arvense – description, flowering period and time in Virginia,.
Scientific name:

Cirsium arvense

Common name(s): Creeping Thistle, Canada thistle, Field thistle, California thistle, Lettuce from hell thistle, Corn thistle, Cursed thistle, Green thistle, Hard thistle, Perennial thistle, Prickly thistle, Small-flowered thistle, Way thistle, Stinger-needles.
Forb, Herb

Cirsium arvense – description, flowering period and time in Virginia,.
June ↔ September


May bloom now!
Cucumis sativus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, A large, yellow beautiful flower..
Scientific name:

Cucumis sativus

Common name(s): Cucumber, Cetriolo, Gherkin.
Forb-herb, Vine

Cucumis sativus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, A large, yellow beautiful flower..
June ↔ September


May bloom now!
Cucumis melo – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, creeping melon stems with delicate yellow flowers.
Scientific name:

Cucumis melo

Common name(s): Cantaloupe, Rockmelon, Sweet melon, Spanspek, Honeydew melon, Honeymelon, Crenshaw, Casaba.
Forb-herb, Vine

Cucumis melo – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, creeping melon stems with delicate yellow flowers.
June ↔ October


May bloom now!
Citrullus lanatus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Watermelon flower.
Scientific name:

Citrullus lanatus

Common name(s): Watermelon.
Forb-herb, Vine

Citrullus lanatus – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, Watermelon flower.
June ↔ October


May bloom now!
Borago officinalis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the bee collects pollen.
Scientific name:

Borago officinalis

Common name(s): Borage, Starflower, Common borage, Cool-tankard, Tailwort.
Forb, Herb

Borago officinalis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, the bee collects pollen.
June ↔ October


May bloom now!
Prunus virginiana – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowering time is coming to an end.
Scientific name:

Prunus virginiana

Common name(s): Chokecherry, Western chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Black chokecherry.
Tree-shrub

Prunus virginiana – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowering time is coming to an end.
June
Diervilla lonicera – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowering branch.
Scientific name:

Diervilla lonicera

Common name(s): Northern bush honeysuckle, Bush-honeysuckle, Dwarf bush-honeysuckle, Herbe bleue.
Shrub

Diervilla lonicera – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowering branch.
Early June ↔ Early July


May bloom now!
Aralia spinosa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowers are waiting for bees.
Scientific name:

Aralia spinosa

Common name(s): Devil's walkingstick, Prickly ash, Hercules club, Angelica tree, Prickly elder, Pick tree, Toothache tree, Shotbush.
Tree, Shrub

Aralia spinosa – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, flowers are waiting for bees.
July ↔ August


May bloom now!
Cephalanthus occidentalis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, peculiar flowers.
Scientific name:

Cephalanthus occidentalis

Common name(s): Common buttonbush, Buttonball, Buttonbush, Button willow, Riverbush, Honey-bells.
Shrub, Tree

Cephalanthus occidentalis – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, peculiar flowers.
July ↔ August


May bloom now!
Asteraceae – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, lonely flower in the meadow.
Scientific name:

Asteraceae

Common name(s): Aster, Daisy, Composite.
Herb, Shrub

Asteraceae – description, flowering period and time in Virginia, lonely flower in the meadow.
August ↔ October